Is race less of a factor for African-Americans in getting a job than it was 15 years ago?
Yes, but only for African-American women:
We investigate the effect of skin tone on employment probabilities in a longitudinal data set. Using an objective measure of skin tone from a light-spectrometer and a self-reported measure of race we find that over time the effect of skin tone on employment has diminished. These results hold both across the white and African-American samples as well as within the African-American sample itself with regard to skin tone. Further investigation indicates that all of the gains can be attributed to African-American women; there are no changes in the employment probabilities for African-American men in the 15 year panel data. We find that the expansion of employment for women is concentrated in the services occupations.
Source: “Skin Tone’s Decreasing Importance on Employment: Evidence from a Longitudinal Dataset, 1985-2000” from IZA Discussion Paper No. 5120, August 2010
I did a deeper dive on the subject of discrimination here.
I’m curious to read this book: Race: How Blacks and Whites Think and Feel About the American Obsession. It’s by Studs Terkel, author of the classic, Working.
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